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We can apply the increasing technology in this modern era of globalization to the world of education as more sophisticated and sophisticated facilities to facilitate the learning process delivered. Here the importance of technology is always followed by its development.
The use of technology is proven to increase children’s interest in learning because it has a more attractive appearance so that it will avoid feeling bored during the lessons judi qq online. As in Indonesia, most schools still do not use technology in education.
If you want to know how important technology is for education, especially in Indonesia, then you are now on the right page.
We will provide more complete information about the advantages of applying technology in education. The following is a complete explanation.
Importance of Technology in Education
TECHNOLOGY IN LEARNING
The meaning of learning technology is an application or media that has been designed in a modern way and is used as theory and practice in learning, as a learning resource. Currently, the technology that is widely used in the world of education is information technology.
The information used for learning media can have a positive impact on students, namely that they can more easily find the information needed during the learning process. The media that can be used is to provide computers and the Internet in each school.
BENEFITS OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE WORLD OF EDUCATION
1. ADD INFORMATION
The first benefit of using technology is as a means of support for students and educators to seek broader information, in addition to using sources from books and printed media.
2. IMPROVE LEARNING ABILITIES
This happens because the information on the Internet is more updated so that students can easily access new information that is needed, under the supervision of the teacher.
3. EASY LEARNING ACCESS
The learning process can be facilitated by the presence of technology in education. For example, the teacher can provide learning materials or assignments via email so that students can immediately complete and collect these assignments.
4. MORE INTERESTING MATERIAL
The use of technology in education can make students more comfortable and not seem bored or monotonous. Because the delivery of information through sophisticated technology looks more varied and modern.
5. IMPROVE LEARNING INTERESTS
More complete information and knowledge and easy access can make students more interested in carrying out learning.
The use of technology in education does have several benefits for the continuity of learning. However, on the other hand you have to keep an eye on the children when using technology. Because of the easy access to information in technology, not only positive information, but also negative information.
The American education system offers many options for international students. When you start your search, students can get overwhelmed with what university to go to, what program to choose, and location. Therefore it is very important to get to know the education system in America. Understanding this system will help you to narrow down your study options and build your study plan.
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS
To continue to higher education, American students enter primary and secondary schools within 12 years. These years are referred to as grades 1 to 12. Around 6 years of age, U.S. children. starting primary school, which is known as “elementary school.” They enter primary school for five or six years and then continue with secondary school.
Secondary schools consist of two programs: the first program is “middle school” or “junior high school” and the second program is “high school bandarqq.” Students get a diploma or certificate after graduating from high school. After graduating from high school (grade 12), U.S. students can go on to college (2-year college) or university. Colleges or universities are known as “higher education.”
Like any American student, you must submit an academic transcript as part of the application for admission to a university or college. Eligible academic transcripts are an official statement of your academic grades. In the US, academic transcripts include “grade (grade)” and “Grade Point Average (GPA), which is a measure of your academic achievement. Subjects are usually assessed using percentages, which are later converted into letter grading.
The grading system and GPA in the U.S. can be confusing, especially for international students. The assessment interpretation has many variations. For example, two students who enter different schools submit their transcripts to the same university. They both have a GPA of 3.5, but the first student enters a high school that is mediocre, while the second student enters a school that is outstanding. Universities can interpret their GPA scores differently because the two schools have dramatic differences in standards.
Therefore, there are some important things to remember:
– You should seek information on U.S. assessments. equivalent to the last level of education you completed in your home country.
– Pay particular attention to the admission requirements of each university and college, as well as individual undergraduate programs, which may have different requirements from universities.
– Meet regularly with the education advisor or counselor to make sure you meet all requirements.
Your education advisor or counselor can provide guidance on whether you should spend an additional year or two preparing for admission to a U.S. university or college. in meeting the requirements for university entry in their home country, some government agencies and companies do not recognize U.S. education.
The lecture calendar usually starts in August or September and continues through May or June. Most new students start in the fall, so it’s best for international students to start at the same time. The early days of lectures were fun times for students. It is a time when you will find new friends, all of whom are still adjusting to a new phase in their academic life. Most courses are designed for students to take sequentially, starting in the fall and then continuing throughout the year.
The academic year consists of two terms which are referred to as “semesters.” (some colleges use a three-term calendar called the “trimester” system). Others use a quaternary system of four terms, including the summer selection session. Basically, you are not counting summer sessions, the academic year consists of two semesters or three quarter terms.
U.S. Higher Education System: Education Level
First Level: Undergraduate (S1)
Students who enter a college or university and do not obtain a bachelor’s degree (S1), pursue education at the undergraduate level. It takes an average of four years to obtain a bachelor’s degree. You can start your studies to pursue a bachelor’s degree at a community college (2-year college) or at a 4-year university or college.
In the first two years, you will be required to take classes in different subjects, known as prerequisite courses: literature, science, social sciences, art, history, and so on. This will help you gain general knowledge, as a basis for specializing in a more specific field of study.
Many students choose a community college to complete the first two years of prerequisite courses. They will earn an Associate of Arts (AA) transfer degree and can then transfer to a 4-year university or college.
A “major” is a specific field of study in which your education will be more directed. For example, if someone’s major is journalism, they will earn a Bachelor of Arts in Journalism. You will be required to take several courses in this field in order to meet the degree requirements of the major. You must choose your major at the beginning of year 3.
The American education system has a very unique character in that you can change your major more than once. It is natural for American students to change major because they are superior or more interested in a particular field at some point in their undergraduate studies. Although the American education system is very flexible, it should be noted that switching majors may require taking more courses, which is more time consuming and costly.
Second Level: Graduate to pursue a Masters Degree (S2)
Currently, colleges or university graduates with a bachelor’s degree should think seriously about graduate education to enter a specialized profession or advance their career. This degree is usually mandatory for higher positions in library science, mechanical engineering, behavioral health and education.
Furthermore, international students from some countries are only allowed to study abroad at the graduate level. You should investigate the credential requirements for finding employment in your country before applying to a postgraduate university in the U.S.
Graduate programs are usually a division of a university or college. To increase your chances of admission, you will need to take the GRE (Postgraduate Marks Test). Some master’s programs require specific grades, such as the LSAT for law, the GRE or GMAT for business, and the MCAT for medicine.
Graduate programs to pursue a master’s degree generally take a year or two. For example, the MBA (Master of Business) is a very popular program that can take two years. Other master’s programs, such as journalism, only take one year.
Most master’s programs are taught in the classroom and graduate students must prepare a fairly lengthy essay called a “master’s thesis” or complete a “master’s project.”
Third Level: Graduate (Postgraduate) to pursue a Doctorate Degree (Doktoral / S3)
Achieving a master’s degree is the first step to obtaining a PhD (doctoral) degree. In some universities, students can enter the doctoral level without obtaining a master’s degree. PhD degrees can be obtained in three years or more. For international students, it can take five or six years.
In the first two years, most doctoral candidates register for classes and seminars. At least one year is spent on research and writing a thesis or dissertation consisting of an unpublished view, plan, or research.
The doctoral dissertation is a discussion and conclusion of a given topic. Most universities that have doctoral programs also require their candidates to have the ability to read two foreign languages, to spend the required time “in residence,” to pass tests given to candidates for PhD programs, and to pass the tests. oral in the same topic as the dissertation.
Characteristics of the U.S. Higher Education System
“One of the challenges is your way to enroll in classes and build an academic plan. I didn’t know what to study because I could choose a lot of programs. I met Angela Khoo (Academic Advisor) about the classes I could take. , and things just got easier for me. ”
Classes range from large classes of several hundred students to smaller classes and seminars (discussions) of only a few students. American universities’ classrooms have a dynamic atmosphere. You are expected to share and defend your opinion, participate in class discussions and give presentations. International students find this one of the most surprising aspects of the American education system.
Each week, professors provide textbooks and materials to read. You are expected to be up-to-date so that you can participate in class discussions and understand the lessons given. Certain programs also require students to spend time in the laboratory.
Professors assign grades to each student who takes the course. These values are usually based on:
a) Each professor has different class participation requirements, but students are expected to participate in discussions, especially in seminar classes. Often this is a very important factor in determining value.
b) Mid-semester examinations are usually given during lecture hours.
c) One of several research or laboratory reports should be sent for evaluation.
d) Short exams or quizzes. Once in a while the professor would give a “surprise exam.” This sudden exam does not have a big effect in calculating grades, but aims to inspire students not to fall behind in their assigned assignments and attendance.
e) Final examinations will be held after the last class meeting.
Each subject has a specific credit score. This figure corresponds to the amount of time spent in class on that course each week. Courses usually have three to five credit scores.
Full-time courses at most colleges are 12 or 15 credits (four or five courses per term) and certain courses must be taken as a requirement for graduation. International students are expected to enroll in the full-time program every term.
If a student applies to a new university before earning a degree, any credits earned can be used to earn a degree at the new university. This means that students can transfer to other universities and graduate at the same time.
TYPES OF AMERICAN HIGH EDUCATION
1. University or State College
Public universities are supported and run by the state or local government. Every 50 U.S. states has at least one public university and several public colleges. Many of these public colleges have the name of the state, or the word “state” in the name of their college: for example, Washington State University and the University of Michigan.
2. Universities or private colleges
This college is run privately. Tuition fees are usually higher than public universities. Often times, private U.S. universities and colleges smaller than public universities.
Religion-related universities and colleges are private colleges. This college accepts students of different religions and beliefs. However, there are some universities that expect to accept students with the same beliefs.
3. Community College (Two Year College)
A community college is a two-year college that awards transferable associate degrees (diplomas), as well as certifications. There are many types of associate degrees, but the differentiating factor is whether or not the degree is transferable. Typically, there are two primary degree pathways: one for academic transfer and the other for preparing students for hands-on employment. Transferable university degrees are generally an associate of arts (arts diploma) or an associate of science (science diploma). Non-transferable are the associate of applied science degrees and certificates of completion.
Community college graduates generally transfer to a 4-year college or university to earn a degree. Because they can transfer credits that have been completed at a community college, they can complete the bachelor’s program in two years or more. Many also offer ESL or intensive English language programs, which will prepare students for university-level courses.
If you are not planning to earn an advanced degree from an associate, you will have to find out if an associate’s degree will be useful for finding work in your home country.
4. Institute of Technology (Institute of Technology)
An Institute of Technology is a college that provides science and technology education for at least four years. Some have graduate programs, others offer short-term courses.
The percentage of students entering higher education (undergraduate level) and junior colleges (regular courses) is also very high in Japan at 48.6%. This figure shows the high standard of education in Japan. Many universities and junior colleges are well equipped with good research, computer and library facilities, and allow students to conduct their research in an excellent environment bandarqq. Many prominent figures who play an active role in the world today have experience studying in Japan. The network of course friends you can build in Japan will undoubtedly be an invaluable asset for your future career.
There are many ways to study in Japan. Regardless of the course you choose, from Japanese language training to postgraduate study, you will get in touch with Japanese culture and lifestyle and will prove to be an invaluable experience for you. Foreign students can enroll in one of five types of higher education institutions:
– University (undergraduate course)
There are about 700 universities in Japan, including national, public and private. The duration of study at an undergraduate university is four years with the exception of medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine, which require six years of study. For more info, please visit jasso.
– Graduate school
The duration of studying in graduate school depends on whether you have matriculation in a master’s program or a doctor’s program. Master’s program: lasts two years. Doctoral program: lasts five years. For information regarding specific graduate schools, please refer to the website of the Asian Cultural Association. For more info please visit jpss.
– junior college
The length of the study is two years or three years depending on the major. The majority of the departments are related to home economics, humanities, education and sociology.
– Special training academies (post-secondary courses)
Special training schools that offer secondary graduate programs are called special training schools. Such schools are positioned as higher education institutions in Japan. They provide vocational education as well as education in the skills, technology and knowledge needed in life. The length of study is one year or more, but most courses are two years in length.
– College of technology
College of technology provides junior high school graduates with five years (five and a half years for merchant dispatch courses) education. There are about 60 technology colleges in Japan. They offer courses related to engineering, merchant shipping as well as other fields.
Short-term student exchange mainly refers to a student enrolled at a university in his own country going abroad to study for a short period of time under a student exchange agreement between universities. In such cases, the student remains enrolled at the original university and usually spends less than a year studying at another university or institute abroad. Goals don’t have to be a degree, and include goals such as learning a language or gaining experience in a foreign culture. Short-term student exchange studies at a foreign university for one semester or more and earn credit or receive research guidance. Classes are conducted either in the student’s native language or in a foreign language.
The academic year at a Japanese school usually starts in April and ends the following March. Some classes run throughout the year, but classes are usually divided into semesters, lasting until the first semester (April – September) or the second semester (October – March). Students usually apply in April, but some universities allow students to enter at different times, such as in October. There are usually three long vacations at Japanese higher education institutions during the school year: summer vacation (late July – late August), winter vacation (late December – early January) and spring vacation (late February – early April).
NO SECRET anymore, English is one of the international languages that we must master. The rapid development of information technology reinforces the position of English as a global language that cannot be avoided. You could say that English is the language of knowledge because the sources of knowledge in the world, whether in the form of books or encyclopedias, are written in English. This is the importance of ELT (English Language Teaching) for non-native English speakers.
We can access the internet and any field journals in English. The technology giants are mostly located in the United States (US) which is also based on English. Call it Google and Facebook which are accessed every day by the world’s population qq online. Not to mention global IT manufacturers such as Apple and Hewlett Packard which are also headquartered in the US with English as the language of instruction. So being able to speak English is now no longer an advantage but a necessity because so many have mastered it. There is fierce competition in education and jobs using English.
For BBC Mania interested in mastering English in today’s competitive era, the following publishers can be considered as the best and most trusted source of world-class English learning. This means that the syllabus and material they compiled have been tested and adapted to the needs of non-native English speakers. What are the best references to learn English in the world?
1 | Cambridge University Press
Who doesn’t know Cambridge University Press? It is considered as the oldest publishing campus in the world which was founded in 1534 by King Henry VIII. The publishing logo under Cambridge University is very distinctive and we often see it in their published books or on the campus jersey. Their published English books are very comprehensive, ranging from basic education to higher education.
Their English language exam certification is also recognized globally. Apart from ELT books, Cambridge University Press also publishes books on other fields of knowledge, both science and social. For those of you who need learning resources for school or independent needs, their published products are highly recommended. The titles of English books published by Cambridge University Press that are often used in Indonesia include English in Mind and Four Corners.
2 | Oxford University Press
As the second oldest publisher after Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press (OUP) is of course also very famous. Headquartered in the city of Oxford and founded in the 17th century, OUP is one of the largest publications in the world dealing in three main areas: research, education and ELT. English books published by UOP that are widely used in Indonesia for secondary education (SMP and SMA) include Aim High and Headway.
With 6,000 employees worldwide, OUP deserves to be recognized as a publisher of quality ELT books to support the progress of your child or family. Their social media such as Facebook are very up-to-date and offer many valuable resources for learning English. Likewise with their Youtube channel. During a pandemic there are many free webinars that we can take part in.
3 | Pearson English
Pearson English as the parent of Longman is also very well known in the world as a publisher of English learning books. Like Cambridge and Oxford, Pearson Longman’s headquarters are also in England, more precisely in London. It is not surprising that these three major publishers have become the main reference in learning English through their published books. It’s natural to learn English directly from your home country.
Today Pearson has at least 32,000 employees worldwide. Apart from Longman, Pearson also has other publications, one of which is Prentice Hall which is also well known in the academic world. In accordance with their mission, which is to help people achieve progress in life, via email newsletters and their Youtube channel they keep on announcing the programs and progress that we can achieve.
Carrying the tagline “learning without limits”, the English books published by Longman from Pearson that are often used in Indonesia include Backpack (for SD), Opportunities and Snapshot (for SMP), and Cutting Edge (for SMA). Longman also has a great reading series called Keystone.
4 | BBC Learning English
BBC is not a foreign name on the world scene. People may know it better as a trusted broadcast medium as reflected by its acronym British Broadcasting Corporation. Apart from broadcasting news, the BBC also produces films, both series and documentaries. As a form of support for ELT for foreign speakers, the BBC also enlivened English learning through a special website and Youtube channel.
Either through the website or YouTube channel, we can learn English easily. All are available at no cost or free. We can learn grammar and listening from their site, while videos on Youtube will sharpen our speaking skills. Because it is not a publisher, the BBC does not release printed books like the previous three ELT players. BBC Learning English always encourages us to respond in English, especially when leaving comments on Youtube videos.
5 | British Council: Learn English Online
The English learning services provided by the British Council are quite comprehensive, not much different from BBC Learning English. The English that is served tends to be for teenage or adult learners. Four skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing) are spoken on this portal. There are also Grammar, Vocabulary, Business English and General English compartments, as well as IELTS.
In general, studying at the British Council online is free unless you want to take paid courses or want to take a certification / test. What is clear is that this portal is very useful to encourage us to continue to be enthusiastic about learning English because there are many games, podcasts, and various information available to sharpen our English skills.
6 | National Geographic Learning ELT
In collaboration with Cengage ELT, National Geographic Learning has emerged as a global player in the field of English learning to be reckoned with. The English books published by National Geographic Learning are unique because the learning materials are adapted to the local country context.
National Geographic Learning is indeed committed to bringing the world into classrooms and juggling so that classrooms are always alive. Their English program enables students to learn about the world around them by experiencing them for themselves. No wonder their English books “sell” beautiful photos because their team works closely with National Geographic.
I once came across an English book for junior high school that was used in an international school with the words “Indonesia Edition” on the front cover. On the contents page, pictures / photos and materials adopt typical Indonesian content so that children who learn directly have an attachment according to their daily experiences. For example, a photo of a traditional market showing commodity red curly chilies. The presentation of local content like this is a plus because Indonesian students easily build relationships with the reading text or any material that is displayed compared to the purely foreign material that they have never seen directly.
7 | Macmillan Education ELT
Macmillan Publisher may be better known through its dictionaries, both for the child and adult segments. However, the publisher, founded in 1843 in London, has textbooks that target both elementary and intermediate English learners. In Indonesia, the Macmillan English series which consists of 6 volumes for elementary schools is widely circulated, while for the intermediate level there is Optimization.
Although pioneered in England, Macmillan’s major offices are in New York, United States. Macmillan Education ELT also offers graded reading books according to age or education level in the form of simplified classic novels. Please subscribe to their Youtube channel to get the latest news about featured products or programs.
8 | Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
This last publisher is no less than the references I mentioned above. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt’s most recognizable books are thick reading series with diverse themes and attractive presentations for children. The Florida Reading series, for example, comes with fancy packaging and graphics. The stories are unique and rich. This feature has an impact on the price which is quite expensive, but it can be overcome by buying used books.
Another uniqueness of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt is that it has a special program or division that releases books to support homeschooler families. So the books are specially designed to meet the homeschool curriculum from kindergarten to high school graduation. Starting from mathematics, science, social fields, and of course languages are provided by this publisher. The Houghton Mifflin Harcourt website is also very comprehensive, providing the information we need. Their social media accounts are always active and up-to-date.
Those are 8 trusted and best references for learning English on a world caliber basis. Please adjust to our needs and economic capabilities to get the best source. Remember that good command of the English language will give us better opportunities in both career and education. Start now by absorbing from prestigious world level sources.
Education is very important for individuals and society. No matter which region or country we live in, we must maintain our education system so that it helps us in preserving our knowledge.
Education helps one to gain a basic understanding of civilization and their role as civilians. But because the geographical area is different, the education system in different countries is different.
The following is a list of the best education systems in the world selected and considered based on several factors such as the education system developed for the public, the quality of primary and higher education and the level of students attending universities.
According to a recent survey, Finland has the best education system in the world. This country has been the center of attention since 2000.
In fact, when five new parameters were added in 2017 for the categorization of the best education systems throughout the world, Finland managed to perform well and provide strong competition to South Korea and Japan. This country ranks higher on indicators, such as:
• Teacher to student ratio
• Number of students graduating in elementary school
• Number of students graduating from high school
Like Finland, Japan has also maintained second place for three years. Despite intense competition from South Korea and other countries, Japan is still able to come in second place.
The main indicator that contributes to its success is the development of student understanding between the ages of 5 and 14 years.
3. South Korea
South Korea has won the poll three times (the world’s 20 education system), and has won third place every year. South Korea provides strong competition to Japan for second place.
After Japan, only South Korea works well in a sector that has brought extraordinary development to students aged 5 to 14 years. Surveyors suspect that the country will be a strong contender for second place, but several indicators make it lose its chance.
Some indicators that reject South Korea’s second position in the poll are:
– Decreasing high school student test scores (calculated annually)
– Decreased student graduation exam scores (calculated annually)
Denmark has never been a country known for ranking in the polls but has been known for the education system developed among the elite.
Previously, Denmark was in 8th position, but because it passed five newly entered indicators, it has taken a giant leap from 8th to fourth position.
An indicator that helps Denmark to rise to position 4 is an increase in the teacher-to-student ratio for secondary and elementary schools.
Russia is praiseworthy for being in the top 5 countries with the world’s best education system. The Russian education system is known for preparing student workspaces. They also have a good teacher-student ratio.
If we talk in numbers, Russia has a ratio of 1 teacher per 9 students.
Norway was in 16th position in the previous quarter. However, with certain changes in the education system, this country has jumped ten positions and succeeded in occupying the sixth position.
In this country, the teacher to student ratio reaches 1:10. Norway has competed with Russia and Japan for this teacher-student ratio.
Even though this country will be a big competitor on this list, the current clashes between the government and teachers have made Britain fall back to 7th position.
Great Britain, could be better if the government handled the current situation carefully such as giving better wages to teachers, increasing class support to students, and providing each class with modern educational facilities.
Israel remains in 8th position in terms of the education system. The country ranks second in terms of better parenting and advanced childhood. If we compare developments with the past, people can collect major changes and improvements.
Enrollment rates in primary schools and graduation have increased a lot, but still, it cannot help Israel to reach the top 5 positions until the following year.
Like other Nordic countries such as Finland, Norway and Denmark, Sweden has really made a good effort to maintain the quality of their education.
Sweden’s progress in education was very impressive from 2015 to 2018. In terms of increasing enrollment of students aged between 15 and 18 years, this country ranks third among other countries.
However, Sweden still has to work hard to improve its world ranking to enter the top five.
10. Hong Kong
If we take into account the world’s top 20 polls last year, then Hong Kong is in 14th position. They really worked hard on the main indicators and made it to the top 10.
Indicators that helped Hong Kong lift its position were – higher enrollment rates for elementary school age students.
If it is successful during registration of all age students and their graduation exam scores, it can even increase their position and be in the top 5 positions.
Today, May 2, it is always celebrated as National Education Day (HARDIKNAS) in Indonesia. One of the things that cannot be released in the world of education is books.
Books, as a form of recording method, make all knowledge can be documented. The book also became a milestone in the development of writing and various other inventions such as paper, ink, to printing.
However, actually, when did books exist?
Tracing the history, books that we know today started from inscription tablets, scrolls, to papyrus sheets. Furthermore, the palm leaf bound also appeared as an ancient manuscript and then developed into a book today.
In its long history, one of the first writing documentation methods is clay tablets. This object was used in Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC.
To write on clay tablets, people carve them while the tablet is still wet and has just been formed. Furthermore, tablets that have been given writing will be burned to dry them.
Just like books today, 20,000 tablets were found as archives in the Assyrian royal library in the 7th century BC. Until the 19th century, tablets were still used in various parts of the world.
However, the first form of documentation that resembled paper was roll. In ancient Egypt, one of the first book formats was scrolls.
This object is a manuscript which is rolled up and made of Papyrus plants. Unfortunately, the material from papyrus plants easily cracks and makes writing documentation is damaged. But writing on papyrus cannot be careless.
The writing recorded on this object is the scripture.
Author : Resa Eka Ayu Sartika | Editor : Resa Eka Ayu Sartika
This is evident from many papyri texts originating from graves, places of prayer, and storing other sacred texts. Papyrus itself is the first evidence of ancient Egyptian royal books.
Before getting to know paper, people also noted various things on animal bones, shells, wood, to silk fabrics. This was common in China in the 2nd century BC.
This habit stopped when paper began to be discovered in the first century AD. The first book printing began around 618 to 907 AD in China.
The oldest book that still exists today is the work titled Sutra Diamonds from 868 AD. The work is printed by the wooden block method, which is when the text to be printed is carved on the wood surface.
Unfortunately, this process takes a long time. Nevertheless this marked the development of book printing in the world.
After using wooden blocks, the Chinese also tried to use clay molds. But, this mold could break.
To avoid that, Koreans began to develop bronze molds. Although the Korean way is considered the best, but the spread of book printing to the world began by Johannes Gutenberg.
In 1450, Gutenberg used his metalworking skills to design a more methodical printing press. The Gutenberg Bible was the first book mass produced by him without being copied by hand.
With the invention of the printing press, literacy began to develop. Books began to become popular references for further learning.
Furthermore, books are printed according to market demand.
Now, printed books are starting to switch to another format, digital. Using this digital mode makes it easy to access and reduces paper usage.
Before you determine and choose a place to study abroad. It is better for you to know the education system from elementary school to college as follows:
Schools in Australia are divided into 2 groups; public and private schools. Most schools are of the type “Co-educational” (accepting male and female students) with the exception of a number of private secondary schools. In general, the length of primary and secondary education in Australia is the same as in Indonesia, which is 12 years. Compulsory education in Australia is up to grade 10. Grades 11 and 12 are referred to as Senior Secondary. After graduating from 12th grade, students will get a Senior Secondary Certificate of Education qualification from their respective states; which is recognized for admission to universities in Australia and overseas.
In general, the duration of basic education in Singapore is the same as in Indonesia which is 6 years, consisting of a basic program for 4 years and followed by an orientation program for 2 years. At the end of the sixth year, students will take the PSLE (Primary School Leaving Examination) exam. The curriculum taught focuses more on teaching English, mother tongue such as Chinese, Malay or Tamil, as well as mathematics, natural knowledge, music, fine arts and crafts, sports and social education. After passing the PSLE exam, students will continue to high school with an ‘O’ level curriculum for 4 years or level N ’level for 5 years, according to individual abilities. This curriculum covers English, mother tongue, and mathematics, science and humanities. In the third year, students can choose to take art, science, commercial science or engineering majors. The final exam is the Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education ‘Ordinary’ (CGE ‘O’ level) or ‘Normal’ (CGE ‘N’ level). Through this curriculum, students are trained and taught how to think critically.
In Malaysia, there are several types of schools, namely National High Schools that use Malay as an introduction, and Nationality Schools that use English, Mandarin or Tamil as an introduction. In general, the length of basic education in Malaysia is the same as in Indonesia, which is 6 years. At the end of the sixth year, students will take the UPSR (Low School Assessment Exam). After graduating from UPSR, students continue to secondary school which may be divided into 2 levels. Levels 1 to 3 are called Low Intermediates or 1-3 forms; while grades 4 through 5 are called High Intermediates or forms 4-5 where students are offered special programs such as science, literature and technical.
- New Zealand
Schools in New Zealand start at the age of 5 years, their academic year is from January to December. In general, the length of primary and secondary education in New Zealand is 13 years. Primary School until year 8, then Secondary School until year 13. Compulsory education at Selandi Baru is until year 10. After year 10, students may continue to Diploma to study certain skills.
In general, the length of basic education in the UK is the same as in Indonesia, which is 6 years. After graduating from primary school (primary education), students continue on to secondary school (secondary education) which has a duration of 4 years. After graduating from this 10-year compulsory education, students will receive a certificate named GCSEs (General Certificate of Secondary Education). Students usually take about 10 subjects that are assessed (depending on the subjects taken) through a combination of assignments and written examinations.
- United States of America
In general, the length of primary and secondary education in the United States is the same as in Indonesia, which is 12 years. Basic education at Primary School for 5 years, then Secondary School for 7 years. After graduating from 12th grade, students will get a High School Diploma; which is recognized for admission to colleges and universities in the United States.
The compulsory school system usually includes basic education (Primarschule in German, École primaire in French and regular government of Primaria / elementare in Italy) and secondary education (Sekundarstufe in German, secondaire in French and regular government of secondaria / media in Italy ). Before that, children usually go to kindergarten, but it is not necessary. Students are separated depending on whether they speak French, German or Italian. At the end of elementary school (or at the beginning of middle school), students are separated according to their capacities and career interests in several sections. Students who aspire to a high school academic career (named Gymnasium or Kantonsschule) must be prepared for further study and maturity (usually obtained after 12 or 13 years of school at the age of 18/19). Students who intend to pursue trade or work complete only an additional 3 years before entering vocational education regulated by federal law and are based on private business cooperation that offers educational positions and public schools that offer compulsory free schooling to work educators. This “dual system” which is called splitting academic and vocational training has a continuation in the higher education system.
Well, the above are countries that are the top educational references for you all, that’s all and thank you.
Understanding education in a simple way can be described as human efforts to foster their personality with values that prevail in society. This simple definition is certainly not enough to explain the use of the term education which is very broad in scope.
Most people are familiar with the term education. Learning, schooling, reading and writing are often associated with educational activities. The very broad scope of education can only be understood if the meaning is narrowed down in certain contexts.
This blog post will explain the notion of education put forward by experts, then try to interpret its meaning by explaining the context. It should be noted in advance that the notion of education is always experiencing development along with the development of science and technology. So, the element of flexibility is part of the definition of education. What is education?
Definition of education
Education is more precisely placed on the mental process of becoming an adult. Educated people are adults who think. Maturity here can be interpreted as maturity in thinking. Although education is more relevant to be understood as a mental process, it does not mean that physical forging cannot be called education. Military academies that forge their students physically for example, are also called educational institutions so that their activities are also educational activities.
In this blog post, we will understand education as a learning process that emphasizes more on the mental maturity of a person or group of people. Immediately, we refer to the notion of education proposed by experts.
J. Langeveld said that education is every effort of influence and protection given to children to achieve self-maturity or help children to be more capable of carrying out their own life tasks.
John Dewey defines education as the process of forming fundamental intellectual and emotional abilities in relation to nature and fellow human beings.
J. Rousseau defines education as a debriefing process that we did not have as a child but we needed when we were adults.
Some education experts and philosophers from Indonesia have also formulated the definition of education as follows:
Driyarkara defines education as a process of humanizing young people or the appointment of young people to the human level.
Ki Hajar Dewantara said that education is a guide in life in the process of growing children, the purpose of which is to guide all natural forces that exist in students so that they as humans and as members of society can achieve the highest safety and happiness.
Ahmad D. Marimba said that education is guidance or leadership consciously by educators on the physical and spiritual development of students towards the formation of the main personality.
If the reader pays attention to some of the definitions proposed by the experts above, we will find a tendency towards defining the formation of children’s personalities into adulthood. The personalities in question vary, from intellectual, mental, emotional maturity, to happiness in the future when they are educated or mature.
Adult, in the above definition is not determined by age but by the achievement of educational goals themselves. Likewise children. We understand the children here as a group of educated people. Efforts to draw the common thread above understanding can be done as follows: First of all there are children who have not been able to live independently. Then they are given education. As an adult, the education provided results in the ability to act and prosper at least himself in life in society.
At this point the question arises for us, “who gives education to children?” The answer is of course adults, meaning those who are educated or those who have already gone through the educational process.
If we refer to the definition of education that has been stated above, the education referred to here is in the context of the transfer of knowledge from those who are educated to students.
It’s OK to say that the education we get comes from playing or traveling experiences. As far as there is knowledge transfer, any activity we do can be called education. But if we are imprisoned to gain knowledge, it cannot be said as an educational activity, at least according to the experts referred to in this post.
The education referred to here requires that there be educators, knowledge, and students. Reading can be referred to as an educational process even though it is done alone in a corner of the room because the material being read is science produced by educators.
Understanding education is broader than just teaching and learning activities in front of the class. The meaning of education narrows in teaching activities at school because it is often associated with formal activities. One education expert Carter V. Good defines education in two different contexts as follows:
»First, education can be understood as art, practice or profession as a teacher.
»Secondly, education can be understood as systematic science or teaching that is related to the principles and methods of teaching, supervision, and student guidance.
Another term that is often used interchangeably with education is pedagogy. Pedagogy is actually the science of education. The definition of education as a more relevant formal activity is explained using the term pedagogy.
At this point, we must carefully distinguish between education as a human activity and education as a science. As a science, again, the more appropriate term is pedagogy.
Below I will present some definitions of education by referring to the opinions of experts:
Driyarkara said that education is a scientific thought about reality which we call educating and being educated. This scientific thought is critical, methodical, and systematic.
J. Langeveld defines pedagogy as a science that not only examines the object of science to know the essential state of that object, but learns how the process and situation of education continues.
Sutari Imam Bernadib defines education as a science that studies the atmosphere and educational processes.
Brodjonegoro defines pedagogy as educational theory, contemplation on education, in the sense of science that studies problems that arise in educational practice.
From the several descriptions above, we can draw the similarity that pedagogy is different from education. Pedagogy is the science of education that talks about issues related to the theory and practice of education.
The Importance of Learning English For Children – No one escapes today the importance of the English language in our daily lives. We need to speak English to develop ourselves when we travel to other countries and work in a global environment, which requires us to consider it our second language and start learning as soon as possible.
Although we are used to learning our children is not limited to school subjects, often without looking at the English language, it is common to see how learning a second language is something that has just landed for extracurricular activity. Play poker pulsa online
Many parents do not have a general awareness that promotes learning and proficiency in the English language as part of their children’s education and is still not appreciated as a necessity and ability that children should develop from the early days.
Starting to learn English since childhood is the best time. Children have great ability to understand language and imitate sounds. They are very spontaneous and have no sense of being ridiculous to feel older, which makes them feel uncomfortable when speaking and practicing English. Thus, by imitation, children play sounds and phrases and are able to learn a second language faster.
During childhood play is one of the favorite activities of all children, communication and the English game will definitely attract your attention and increase their willingness to learn the language. You can always use games and games and multimedia in two languages or use the songs and games that we invent for them.
Exposure of children to English should be as high as possible and be done in the same way and at the same time learn their mother tongue. When a child begins to learn English, see how well they develop other skills at once, including:
- Language skills and verbal ability.
- Problem solving skills.
- Respect my self.
- Greater independence and autonomy.
Parents responsible for the education and development of children should realize that their participation is required from the start, as it is crucial for the child to receive all possible incentives to learn English.
Do not forget that learning English requires persistence, practice and patience, and above all, the most likely exposure to the language occurs. Therefore, we appeal to all types of games, bilingual games, memory games, CD / DVD media, and even English graphics. The education market offers a wide range of quality products that are adapted to the different stages of a child’s development.
When parents do not know enough language, you may want to bring their children to daycare centers or schools where children have a strong connection to the language, and this home game to complete their activities in English.
In conclusion, we must be more aware of the importance you communicate today in the English language and parents must devote every effort to ensuring that the child can begin learning as soon as possible tokopedia.com.
A child who is fluent in English and has more career opportunities in the future, gets independence and independence to travel around the world, improve their self-confidence and enrich all kinds of personal experiences so that they are able to communicate with people from different cultures and countries. Lifting hands, no time to waste.
The target of education is humans. Meaningful education helps students to develop their human potential. Human potential is the seed of the possibility of becoming a manuis. Like a mango seed however its form if planted properly, it must be a mango tree and not a guava tree.
Education is a conscious and planned effort to create an atmosphere of learning and learning process so that students actively develop their potential to have spiritual spiritual strength, self-control, personality, intelligence, noble character, and the skills needed by themselves and the community. Education usually begins when a baby is born and lasts a lifetime. Education can start before the baby is born as many people do by playing music and reading to the baby in the womb in the hope that he can teach their babies before birth. For some people, the experience of daily life is more meaningful than formal education. As Mark Twain said, “I have never let the school interfere with my education. Family members have a very deep teaching role, often deeper than they realize, even though the teaching of family members runs informally. Play gambling in situs bandarqq online.
Children are the mandate of the creator and the mandate must be held accountable. People who are given the mandate should carry out responsibly. Children and education can not be separated, newborn children can only hear can not see, then newborn children will learn first through their sense of hearing. So it should be when a new child is born that we are listening to our children something good and will make it one day grow and develop into a good child.
Children’s education is not only pursued in school but as parents we must teach wisdom how to live this life in the best way.
Educate For Independent Children
Which parent does not want to see his child grow into an independent child. It seems that indeed that is one of the goals to be achieved by parents in educating their children.
An independent attitude can be accustomed since a child: wearing his own clothes, tying shoes and various other small daily jobs. Sounds easy, but in practice this habituation has many obstacles. Not infrequently parents feel impatient or even impatient to see your child trying to tie his shoes for a few minutes, but has not yet shown success. Or immediately give a myriad of advice, complete with ways of solving that must be done, when the child finishes telling his quarrel with a peer. Indeed problems faced by everyday children can be easily overcome by the intervention of parents. But this method certainly will not help children to become independent. He will get used to “run” to parents when faced with problems, in other words he is accustomed to depend on others, even for small things.
Then the efforts that parents can make to familiarize their children so they do not tend to depend on someone, and be able to make decisions? Below are some things that you can apply to train your child to become independent.
1. Give a Chance to Choose
Children who are accustomed to dealing with situations or things that have been determined by others, will be lazy to make their own choices. Conversely, if he is accustomed to facing several choices, he will be trained to make his own decisions for himself. For example, before deciding on the menu for the day, the mother gave several alternative dishes for the child to choose for lunch. Likewise in choosing clothes to wear to go to a friend’s birthday party, for example. The habit of making their own decisions in a small scope early on will make it easier to later determine and decide for themselves the things in his life.
2. Appreciate The Business
Appreciate the slightest effort shown by children to overcome their own difficulties. Parents are usually impatient with children who need a long time to open their own candy cans. Especially if at that time mom was busy in the kitchen, for example. For this reason, the old man should give him the opportunity to try and not immediately intervene to help open it. Also explain to him that to open a can is easier if you use the tip of a spoon, for example.
The opportunity that you give this child will feel as a tribute to his efforts, so that it will encourage him to do small things like that himself.
3. Avoid Asking Lots of Questions
Questions asked by parents, which are actually intended to show concern for the child, can be interpreted as an attitude that is too much inquisitive. Therefore, avoid the impression of being fussy. For example, a child who has just returned from school, will be annoyed when attacked with questions such as, “What are you learning at school?”, And “Why is the uniform dirty? etc. Conversely, children will be happy and feel welcome if greeted with a short sentence: “Hello, mother and daughter have come home from school!” So that even if there are things that he wants to tell, the child will naturally tell the parents, without having to be pushed around.
4. Don’t Answer Questions Right Away
Even though it is the parent’s job to provide correct information and knowledge to the child, parents should not answer questions immediately. Instead, give him a chance to answer the question. And it is your job to correct it if it is wrong to answer or reward if it is right. This opportunity will train him to find alternatives to solving a problem. For example, “Ma’am, why the heck do we have to take a shower twice a day?” Let the child give some answers according to what he knows. Thus also children are trained not to simply accept the answers of parents, which they will accept as a standard answer.
5. Push To See Alternatives
It is better for children to know that to overcome a problem, parents are not the only place to ask. There are still many other sources outside the home that can help to overcome the problem at hand. For that, the way that parents can do is to tell other appropriate sources to be asked for help, to overcome a particular problem. Thus the child will not only depend on parents, which is not impossible later it will be difficult for himself. For example, when a child comes to a parent and complains that his bicycle makes a sound when it is driven. You can give an answer: “Try, yes, we will check later at the bicycle repair shop.”
6. Don’t Break The Spirit
Not infrequently parents want to prevent children from feeling disappointed by saying “impossible” to what is being sought by children. Actually, if the child already wants to show the desire to be independent, encourage him to continue to do it. Never make him lose his motivation or hope about something he wants to achieve. If the child asks for your permission, “Ma’am, Andi wants to go home from school to the shuttle car, can I?” no need, yeah “like that will certainly make the child lose motivation to be independent. Instead the mother said “Andi wants to take the shuttle? Wow, that sounds fun, yes. Try Andi tell me why you want to take the shuttle car.” In this way, at least the child knows that the parents actually support being independent. Even though finally, with the reasons you have proposed, these desires cannot yet be fulfilled.
Here are some important things to consider when developing children to help make children have the mental, enthusiasm and goals for their better future. hopefully it can be useful for you parents out there who are in the process of building a positive personality for children, so hopefully in this article we hope to help and provide benefits to every parent. Buy online shop in wikipedia.org