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Before you determine and choose a place to study abroad. It is better for you to know the education system from elementary school to college as follows:
Schools in Australia are divided into 2 groups; public and private schools. Most schools are of the type “Co-educational” (accepting male and female students) with the exception of a number of private secondary schools. In general, the length of primary and secondary education in Australia is the same as in Indonesia, which is 12 years. Compulsory education in Australia is up to grade 10. Grades 11 and 12 are referred to as Senior Secondary. After graduating from 12th grade, students will get a Senior Secondary Certificate of Education qualification from their respective states; which is recognized for admission to universities in Australia and overseas.
In general, the duration of basic education in Singapore is the same as in Indonesia which is 6 years, consisting of a basic program for 4 years and followed by an orientation program for 2 years. At the end of the sixth year, students will take the PSLE (Primary School Leaving Examination) exam. The curriculum taught focuses more on teaching English, mother tongue such as Chinese, Malay or Tamil, as well as mathematics, natural knowledge, music, fine arts and crafts, sports and social education. After passing the PSLE exam, students will continue to high school with an ‘O’ level curriculum for 4 years or level N ’level for 5 years, according to individual abilities. This curriculum covers English, mother tongue, and mathematics, science and humanities. In the third year, students can choose to take art, science, commercial science or engineering majors. The final exam is the Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education ‘Ordinary’ (CGE ‘O’ level) or ‘Normal’ (CGE ‘N’ level). Through this curriculum, students are trained and taught how to think critically.
In Malaysia, there are several types of schools, namely National High Schools that use Malay as an introduction, and Nationality Schools that use English, Mandarin or Tamil as an introduction. In general, the length of basic education in Malaysia is the same as in Indonesia, which is 6 years. At the end of the sixth year, students will take the UPSR (Low School Assessment Exam). After graduating from UPSR, students continue to secondary school which may be divided into 2 levels. Levels 1 to 3 are called Low Intermediates or 1-3 forms; while grades 4 through 5 are called High Intermediates or forms 4-5 where students are offered special programs such as science, literature and technical.
- New Zealand
Schools in New Zealand start at the age of 5 years, their academic year is from January to December. In general, the length of primary and secondary education in New Zealand is 13 years. Primary School until year 8, then Secondary School until year 13. Compulsory education at Selandi Baru is until year 10. After year 10, students may continue to Diploma to study certain skills.
In general, the length of basic education in the UK is the same as in Indonesia, which is 6 years. After graduating from primary school (primary education), students continue on to secondary school (secondary education) which has a duration of 4 years. After graduating from this 10-year compulsory education, students will receive a certificate named GCSEs (General Certificate of Secondary Education). Students usually take about 10 subjects that are assessed (depending on the subjects taken) through a combination of assignments and written examinations.
- United States of America
In general, the length of primary and secondary education in the United States is the same as in Indonesia, which is 12 years. Basic education at Primary School for 5 years, then Secondary School for 7 years. After graduating from 12th grade, students will get a High School Diploma; which is recognized for admission to colleges and universities in the United States.
The compulsory school system usually includes basic education (Primarschule in German, École primaire in French and regular government of Primaria / elementare in Italy) and secondary education (Sekundarstufe in German, secondaire in French and regular government of secondaria / media in Italy ). Before that, children usually go to kindergarten, but it is not necessary. Students are separated depending on whether they speak French, German or Italian. At the end of elementary school (or at the beginning of middle school), students are separated according to their capacities and career interests in several sections. Students who aspire to a high school academic career (named Gymnasium or Kantonsschule) must be prepared for further study and maturity (usually obtained after 12 or 13 years of school at the age of 18/19). Students who intend to pursue trade or work complete only an additional 3 years before entering vocational education regulated by federal law and are based on private business cooperation that offers educational positions and public schools that offer compulsory free schooling to work educators. This “dual system” which is called splitting academic and vocational training has a continuation in the higher education system.
Well, the above are countries that are the top educational references for you all, that’s all and thank you.
Understanding education in a simple way can be described as human efforts to foster their personality with values that prevail in society. This simple definition is certainly not enough to explain the use of the term education which is very broad in scope.
Most people are familiar with the term education. Learning, schooling, reading and writing are often associated with educational activities. The very broad scope of education can only be understood if the meaning is narrowed down in certain contexts.
This blog post will explain the notion of education put forward by experts, then try to interpret its meaning by explaining the context. It should be noted in advance that the notion of education is always experiencing development along with the development of science and technology. So, the element of flexibility is part of the definition of education. What is education?
Definition of education
Education is more precisely placed on the mental process of becoming an adult. Educated people are adults who think. Maturity here can be interpreted as maturity in thinking. Although education is more relevant to be understood as a mental process, it does not mean that physical forging cannot be called education. Military academies that forge their students physically for example, are also called educational institutions so that their activities are also educational activities.
In this blog post, we will understand education as a learning process that emphasizes more on the mental maturity of a person or group of people. Immediately, we refer to the notion of education proposed by experts.
J. Langeveld said that education is every effort of influence and protection given to children to achieve self-maturity or help children to be more capable of carrying out their own life tasks.
John Dewey defines education as the process of forming fundamental intellectual and emotional abilities in relation to nature and fellow human beings.
J. Rousseau defines education as a debriefing process that we did not have as a child but we needed when we were adults.
Some education experts and philosophers from Indonesia have also formulated the definition of education as follows:
Driyarkara defines education as a process of humanizing young people or the appointment of young people to the human level.
Ki Hajar Dewantara said that education is a guide in life in the process of growing children, the purpose of which is to guide all natural forces that exist in students so that they as humans and as members of society can achieve the highest safety and happiness.
Ahmad D. Marimba said that education is guidance or leadership consciously by educators on the physical and spiritual development of students towards the formation of the main personality.
If the reader pays attention to some of the definitions proposed by the experts above, we will find a tendency towards defining the formation of children’s personalities into adulthood. The personalities in question vary, from intellectual, mental, emotional maturity, to happiness in the future when they are educated or mature.
Adult, in the above definition is not determined by age but by the achievement of educational goals themselves. Likewise children. We understand the children here as a group of educated people. Efforts to draw the common thread above understanding can be done as follows: First of all there are children who have not been able to live independently. Then they are given education. As an adult, the education provided results in the ability to act and prosper at least himself in life in society.
At this point the question arises for us, “who gives education to children?” The answer is of course adults, meaning those who are educated or those who have already gone through the educational process.
If we refer to the definition of education that has been stated above, the education referred to here is in the context of the transfer of knowledge from those who are educated to students.
It’s OK to say that the education we get comes from playing or traveling experiences. As far as there is knowledge transfer, any activity we do can be called education. But if we are imprisoned to gain knowledge, it cannot be said as an educational activity, at least according to the experts referred to in this post.
The education referred to here requires that there be educators, knowledge, and students. Reading can be referred to as an educational process even though it is done alone in a corner of the room because the material being read is science produced by educators.
Understanding education is broader than just teaching and learning activities in front of the class. The meaning of education narrows in teaching activities at school because it is often associated with formal activities. One education expert Carter V. Good defines education in two different contexts as follows:
»First, education can be understood as art, practice or profession as a teacher.
»Secondly, education can be understood as systematic science or teaching that is related to the principles and methods of teaching, supervision, and student guidance.
Another term that is often used interchangeably with education is pedagogy. Pedagogy is actually the science of education. The definition of education as a more relevant formal activity is explained using the term pedagogy.
At this point, we must carefully distinguish between education as a human activity and education as a science. As a science, again, the more appropriate term is pedagogy.
Below I will present some definitions of education by referring to the opinions of experts:
Driyarkara said that education is a scientific thought about reality which we call educating and being educated. This scientific thought is critical, methodical, and systematic.
J. Langeveld defines pedagogy as a science that not only examines the object of science to know the essential state of that object, but learns how the process and situation of education continues.
Sutari Imam Bernadib defines education as a science that studies the atmosphere and educational processes.
Brodjonegoro defines pedagogy as educational theory, contemplation on education, in the sense of science that studies problems that arise in educational practice.
From the several descriptions above, we can draw the similarity that pedagogy is different from education. Pedagogy is the science of education that talks about issues related to the theory and practice of education.
The target of education is humans. Meaningful education helps students to develop their human potential. Human potential is the seed of the possibility of becoming a manuis. Like a mango seed however its form if planted properly, it must be a mango tree and not a guava tree.
Education is a conscious and planned effort to create an atmosphere of learning and learning process so that students actively develop their potential to have spiritual spiritual strength, self-control, personality, intelligence, noble character, and the skills needed by themselves and the community. Education usually begins when a baby is born and lasts a lifetime. Education can start before the baby is born as many people do by playing music and reading to the baby in the womb in the hope that he can teach their babies before birth. For some people, the experience of daily life is more meaningful than formal education. As Mark Twain said, “I have never let the school interfere with my education. Family members have a very deep teaching role, often deeper than they realize, even though the teaching of family members runs informally. Play gambling in situs bandarqq online.
Children are the mandate of the creator and the mandate must be held accountable. People who are given the mandate should carry out responsibly. Children and education can not be separated, newborn children can only hear can not see, then newborn children will learn first through their sense of hearing. So it should be when a new child is born that we are listening to our children something good and will make it one day grow and develop into a good child.
Children’s education is not only pursued in school but as parents we must teach wisdom how to live this life in the best way.
Educate For Independent Children
Which parent does not want to see his child grow into an independent child. It seems that indeed that is one of the goals to be achieved by parents in educating their children.
An independent attitude can be accustomed since a child: wearing his own clothes, tying shoes and various other small daily jobs. Sounds easy, but in practice this habituation has many obstacles. Not infrequently parents feel impatient or even impatient to see your child trying to tie his shoes for a few minutes, but has not yet shown success. Or immediately give a myriad of advice, complete with ways of solving that must be done, when the child finishes telling his quarrel with a peer. Indeed problems faced by everyday children can be easily overcome by the intervention of parents. But this method certainly will not help children to become independent. He will get used to “run” to parents when faced with problems, in other words he is accustomed to depend on others, even for small things.
Then the efforts that parents can make to familiarize their children so they do not tend to depend on someone, and be able to make decisions? Below are some things that you can apply to train your child to become independent.
1. Give a Chance to Choose
Children who are accustomed to dealing with situations or things that have been determined by others, will be lazy to make their own choices. Conversely, if he is accustomed to facing several choices, he will be trained to make his own decisions for himself. For example, before deciding on the menu for the day, the mother gave several alternative dishes for the child to choose for lunch. Likewise in choosing clothes to wear to go to a friend’s birthday party, for example. The habit of making their own decisions in a small scope early on will make it easier to later determine and decide for themselves the things in his life.
2. Appreciate The Business
Appreciate the slightest effort shown by children to overcome their own difficulties. Parents are usually impatient with children who need a long time to open their own candy cans. Especially if at that time mom was busy in the kitchen, for example. For this reason, the old man should give him the opportunity to try and not immediately intervene to help open it. Also explain to him that to open a can is easier if you use the tip of a spoon, for example.
The opportunity that you give this child will feel as a tribute to his efforts, so that it will encourage him to do small things like that himself.
3. Avoid Asking Lots of Questions
Questions asked by parents, which are actually intended to show concern for the child, can be interpreted as an attitude that is too much inquisitive. Therefore, avoid the impression of being fussy. For example, a child who has just returned from school, will be annoyed when attacked with questions such as, “What are you learning at school?”, And “Why is the uniform dirty? etc. Conversely, children will be happy and feel welcome if greeted with a short sentence: “Hello, mother and daughter have come home from school!” So that even if there are things that he wants to tell, the child will naturally tell the parents, without having to be pushed around.
4. Don’t Answer Questions Right Away
Even though it is the parent’s job to provide correct information and knowledge to the child, parents should not answer questions immediately. Instead, give him a chance to answer the question. And it is your job to correct it if it is wrong to answer or reward if it is right. This opportunity will train him to find alternatives to solving a problem. For example, “Ma’am, why the heck do we have to take a shower twice a day?” Let the child give some answers according to what he knows. Thus also children are trained not to simply accept the answers of parents, which they will accept as a standard answer.
5. Push To See Alternatives
It is better for children to know that to overcome a problem, parents are not the only place to ask. There are still many other sources outside the home that can help to overcome the problem at hand. For that, the way that parents can do is to tell other appropriate sources to be asked for help, to overcome a particular problem. Thus the child will not only depend on parents, which is not impossible later it will be difficult for himself. For example, when a child comes to a parent and complains that his bicycle makes a sound when it is driven. You can give an answer: “Try, yes, we will check later at the bicycle repair shop.”
6. Don’t Break The Spirit
Not infrequently parents want to prevent children from feeling disappointed by saying “impossible” to what is being sought by children. Actually, if the child already wants to show the desire to be independent, encourage him to continue to do it. Never make him lose his motivation or hope about something he wants to achieve. If the child asks for your permission, “Ma’am, Andi wants to go home from school to the shuttle car, can I?” no need, yeah “like that will certainly make the child lose motivation to be independent. Instead the mother said “Andi wants to take the shuttle? Wow, that sounds fun, yes. Try Andi tell me why you want to take the shuttle car.” In this way, at least the child knows that the parents actually support being independent. Even though finally, with the reasons you have proposed, these desires cannot yet be fulfilled.
Here are some important things to consider when developing children to help make children have the mental, enthusiasm and goals for their better future. hopefully it can be useful for you parents out there who are in the process of building a positive personality for children, so hopefully in this article we hope to help and provide benefits to every parent. Buy online shop in wikipedia.org