Get to know the Education System Abroad
Before you determine and choose a place to study abroad. It is better for you to know the education system from elementary school to college as follows:
Schools in Australia are divided into 2 groups; public and private schools. Most schools are of the type “Co-educational” (accepting male and female students) with the exception of a number of private secondary schools. In general, the length of primary and secondary education in Australia is the same as in Indonesia, which is 12 years. Compulsory education in Australia is up to grade 10. Grades 11 and 12 are referred to as Senior Secondary. After graduating from 12th grade, students will get a Senior Secondary Certificate of Education qualification from their respective states; which is recognized for admission to universities in Australia and overseas.
In general, the duration of basic education in Singapore is the same as in Indonesia which is 6 years, consisting of a basic program for 4 years and followed by an orientation program for 2 years. At the end of the sixth year, students will take the PSLE (Primary School Leaving Examination) exam. The curriculum taught focuses more on teaching English, mother tongue such as Chinese, Malay or Tamil, as well as mathematics, natural knowledge, music, fine arts and crafts, sports and social education. After passing the PSLE exam, students will continue to high school with an ‘O’ level curriculum for 4 years or level N ’level for 5 years, according to individual abilities. This curriculum covers English, mother tongue, and mathematics, science and humanities. In the third year, students can choose to take art, science, commercial science or engineering majors. The final exam is the Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education ‘Ordinary’ (CGE ‘O’ level) or ‘Normal’ (CGE ‘N’ level). Through this curriculum, students are trained and taught how to think critically.
In Malaysia, there are several types of schools, namely National High Schools that use Malay as an introduction, and Nationality Schools that use English, Mandarin or Tamil as an introduction. In general, the length of basic education in Malaysia is the same as in Indonesia, which is 6 years. At the end of the sixth year, students will take the UPSR (Low School Assessment Exam). After graduating from UPSR, students continue to secondary school which may be divided into 2 levels. Levels 1 to 3 are called Low Intermediates or 1-3 forms; while grades 4 through 5 are called High Intermediates or forms 4-5 where students are offered special programs such as science, literature and technical.
- New Zealand
Schools in New Zealand start at the age of 5 years, their academic year is from January to December. In general, the length of primary and secondary education in New Zealand is 13 years. Primary School until year 8, then Secondary School until year 13. Compulsory education at Selandi Baru is until year 10. After year 10, students may continue to Diploma to study certain skills.
In general, the length of basic education in the UK is the same as in Indonesia, which is 6 years. After graduating from primary school (primary education), students continue on to secondary school (secondary education) which has a duration of 4 years. After graduating from this 10-year compulsory education, students will receive a certificate named GCSEs (General Certificate of Secondary Education). Students usually take about 10 subjects that are assessed (depending on the subjects taken) through a combination of assignments and written examinations.
- United States of America
In general, the length of primary and secondary education in the United States is the same as in Indonesia, which is 12 years. Basic education at Primary School for 5 years, then Secondary School for 7 years. After graduating from 12th grade, students will get a High School Diploma; which is recognized for admission to colleges and universities in the United States.
The compulsory school system usually includes basic education (Primarschule in German, École primaire in French and regular government of Primaria / elementare in Italy) and secondary education (Sekundarstufe in German, secondaire in French and regular government of secondaria / media in Italy ). Before that, children usually go to kindergarten, but it is not necessary. Students are separated depending on whether they speak French, German or Italian. At the end of elementary school (or at the beginning of middle school), students are separated according to their capacities and career interests in several sections. Students who aspire to a high school academic career (named Gymnasium or Kantonsschule) must be prepared for further study and maturity (usually obtained after 12 or 13 years of school at the age of 18/19). Students who intend to pursue trade or work complete only an additional 3 years before entering vocational education regulated by federal law and are based on private business cooperation that offers educational positions and public schools that offer compulsory free schooling to work educators. This “dual system” which is called splitting academic and vocational training has a continuation in the higher education system.
Well, the above are countries that are the top educational references for you all, that’s all and thank you.